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Creating an enabling environment for private sector development in Sub-Saharan Africa

This report discusses how the business environment in sub-Saharan Africa can be improved in order to foster enterprise development. Past efforts to boost private sector development have shown disappointing results. This holds especially for the orthodox structural adjustment programmes of the 1980s...
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A Case Study on GTZ BDS LED Programme Interventions in the LED Process in Hazyview, Mbombela District Municipality, South Africa

The GTZ LED/BDS Programme aims at providing support to South African local communities by testing, adapting and marketing appropriate LED concepts and tools and transfering them to South African LED support institutions and facilitators. This case study forms part of these efforts, as it describes...
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A Critique of the Project Approach - And an overview of alternatives

South Africa has seen a large number of new entrants to the enterprise support sector, in the form, for example, of local governments, now tasked with Local Economic Development - including enterprise suppport. This has become synonomous with setting up projects. This paper adresses itself to the...
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A Methodology for Identifying the Drivers of Industrial Clusters - The Foundation of Regional Competitive Advantage

This article presents a theoretically based method for identifying clusters of industries in which a region has a competitive advantage. The method combines cluster analysis with discriminant analysis, using variables derived from economic base theory and measures of productivity, to identify the...
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A Practical Guide to Cluster Development - A Report to the Department of Trade and Industry and the English RDAs

This guide starts from the perspective that policy intervention cannot create clusters from scratch but that it can help existing clusters to develop. This guide therefore focusses on what makes for an effective cluster and how practitioners can influence this.
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An operational guide to Local Value Chain Development

This guide describes a project approach to value chain development that can be used on a local basis within a timeframe of four to eight weeks. Local refers to a limited geographical area, such as a town, a village or a district. Contrary to common Local Economic Development (LED) approaches, this...
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Applying the comprehensive LED approach - The case of Mozambique

This report is intended to help the reader in achieving a better understanding of the rationale behind activities and innitiatives implemented within the framework of Human Development at Local Level (PDHL) in Mozambique. The basic guidelines and elements of the LED approach, as described in this...
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Assessing Markets for Business Development Services - What have we learned so far?

This working paper is structured around a number of hypotheses or assumptions, on which Small Enterprise Development (SED) work has traditionally been based; in each case, the evidence supporting or challenging these foundations has been presented, often in graphs to illustrate the trends. In...
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A Diagnostic Modell for Capacity Building in Regulatory Agencies - An empirical study based on the ICT sector, Southern Africa

This paper reports a study designed to empirically test the validity of what is termed a Diagnostic Model for Capacity Building within regulatory agencies. The conceptual basis of this model was introduced in a paper at the CRC Manila Conference in October 2003 and in Eldridge (2004). A major...
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A Participatory Multi-Level Approach of Using Business Climate Surveys in Regulatory and Administrative Reform Processes

Business Climate Surveys (BCS) have become an important instrument in regulatory and administrative reform processes which are targeted towards improving the Business Enabling Environment of small and medium enterprises. BCS can be an effective tool to stimulate and sustain regulatory and...
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Building Partnerships to mobilise resources for Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM)

Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) is an approach to conservation and development that recognises the rights of local people to manage and benefit from the management and use of natural resources. It entails transferring back to communities access and use rights, empowering them...
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Business Climate Survey - Summary of Results for the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Region

This document is a summary of results of business climate survey of the SADC region done in 2006. The 2006 Business Climate survey for the SADC region reveals that business leaders in the region remain optimistic about their business performance for the next twelve months.
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Business Climate Survey - Summary of results for the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Region

This document is a Pilot Business Climate Survey for the SADC region which reveals a favourable regional economic climate. Manufacturing firms participating in the survey have optimistic economic expectations for the next twelve months.
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Case Study - Process for Local Economic Development in the Ndlambe Local Municipality

The Ndlambe Local Municipality in the Eastern Cape Province in cooperation with the Cacadu District Municipality and the support of the Rural Livelihoods Programme (RuLiv) and the Local Economic Development Project of the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) started a process to stimulate economic...
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Case Study - The Compass of Local Competitiveness as a strategic entry point into a Participatory Appraisal of the Competitive Advantage (PACA), Mohale’s Hoek, Lesotho

The purpose of Local Economic Development is to build up the capacity of a local area to improve its economic future and the quality of life for all. It is a process by which public, business and non-governmental sector partners work collectively to create better conditions for economic growth and...
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Cities, Regions and Competitiveness

The purpose of this paper is to review and provide a preliminary assessment of some of the main interpretations of the concept, particularly as they apply to cities and regions. Two key questions explored are: In what sense do such places compete, and what are their underlying sources of...
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Community-based and -driven development - A critical review

Community-based and driven development projects have become an important form of development assistance, with the World Bank's portfolio alone approximating $7 billion. A review of their conceptual foundations and evidence on their effectiveness shows that projects that rely on community...
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Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) in Southern Africa

This set of papers results from participation by staff members of the Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies in the biennial conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property, held at Bloomington, Indiana, from 31 May to 4 June, 2000. Three papers were given by the PLAAS...
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