Municipality: Baviaans Local Municipality


Participation for Development


Willowmore 6445 Willowmore , Eastern Cape
South Africa
Phone: (044) 923 1004
Fax: (044) 923 1122
Eastern Cape ZA


The Baviaans Municipality covers an area of 7727.01 square kilometres with two urban nodes, namely Willowmore and Steytlerville. Willowmore serves as the administrative hub of the area where the local municipality offices, the district offices of national government departments and provincial government
departments are situated. The area is scarcely populated (0 – 100 people per km²).

The Local Municipality is situated between 23 and 25 degree of longitude and 33 and 34 degree of southern latitude and is at 1 000 to 1 500 meters above sea-level.

Agriculture, tourism and service industries form the basis of the area’s economy.

The Baviaans Municipality is a Category B municipality which, together with another 7 municipalities, forms the Cacadu District Municipality.

The Baviaans Local Municipality Area forms part of the Eastern Subtropical Thicket Eco System. The largest portion of the area (western part) consists of what is called a ‘Step Corridor’ and is not a threatened eco system, whilst the northern part consists of the Karoo. A ‘Step Corridor’ is described as a system of natural pathways of plants and animals, which if safeguarded, will ensure not only their current existence, but also their future survival and the provision of associated ecosystem services to society.

The municipal area is characterised by central plains and lowlands bordered by low parallel hills and mountains to the north and south thereof. The Baviaanskloof and Karga Rivers drain the region. The Baviaanskloof Nature Reserve is in the southern mountainous portion of the area. The area covered by the Reserve forms part of the Cape Floral Kingdom which is a World Heritage Site. The Reserve is managed by the Eastern Cape Parks Board

Source: Baviaans LM IDP 2007 - 2012


LED Activities

Key Projects:

  • Tourism Management and Action Plan
  •  LED Management and Action Plan
  • Human Development Plan.


The well-known Baviaanskloof Nature Reserve is situated to the south. 90% of the mega reserve falls within the Baviaans municipality area. Because of the world heritage site, the future economic development of this area are based on the development of tourism. 


The 2001 Census indicated that 85.78% of the people in Baviaans earn less than R800 per month. According to the Cacadu 2007-2012 IDP, Makana and Baviaans municipalities have the highest dependency ratios in the district; there are four times more unemployed/not economically active, young and old than employed. 

This situation also impacts negatively on the population’s dependency on social grants. These figures will have a negative impact on the area’s growth and development potential, as there is little money in circulation.

Only 19% (3,186) of the people in the area are employed. 56,15% is not economically active. This puts a lot of pressure on the municipality in terms of providing services, such as water, streets, and electricity, because only 19% of the population can contribute to the municipality’s revenue base.

When the population growth rates and the employment figures of the area are considered, the municipality faces a huge challenge with regard to maintaining, sustaining and developing its area.

In terms of the unemployment severity ranking listed in the Cacadu District Municipality IDP 2007-2012, the Municipality ranks 7th of 8 LM's in the District.