Municipality: Ehlanzeni District Municipality


Ehlanzeni District Municipality is the most eastern district of the province of Mpumalanga. It is bordered by Swaziland and Mozambique in the east, Limpopo Province in the north, Gert Sibanda District in the south and Nkangala District in the west.It consists of five local municipalities: Mbombela, Thaba Chweu, Nkomazi, Umjindi and Bushbuckridge, which became part of the district after the government decision to phase out cross-boundary municipalities in 2006.

The majority of the population lives in formal urban areas, or in villages in the tribal areas. Ehlanzeni District has the highest population density in Mpumalanga. The estimated population density varies substantially between the five municiplaities with Mbombela and Bushbuckridge having the highest densities and Umjindi and Thaba Chweu the lowest.  


Critical infrastructure

The Maputo Corridor, linking Gauteng with Maputo harbour, traverses the district along the N4 national road, offering easy access to the area as well as providing export opportunities for companies operating in the area.

The Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport (KMIA), near White River provides further accessibility to this district. The airport, which has direct flights to and from Europe, is a benefit to both tourism and export businesses. 


Ehlanzeni District includes both Lowveld and escarpment country. Agriculturally, the area has much to offer. An abundance of citrus fruit and other subtropical fruits - mangoes, avocados, guavas, paw-paws, litchis, bananas and granadillas - as well as sugar cane, pecan and macademia nuts and many types of vegetables are cultivated. Nelspruit, the Provincial capital, is the second largest citrus-producing area of South Africaand is responsible for a third of the country's export of oranges. The Institute of Tropical and Subtropical Crops is situated on the outskirts of the city.