Francis Baard District Municipality is the smallest district in the Northern Cape Province. It covers an area of 13,518 sq km, which accounts for 3.4% of the total area of the province. Apart from the district management area, the district municipality includes the Dikgatlong, Magareng, Phokwane and Sol Plaatje municipalities. The city of Kimberley, located in Sol Plaatje Municipality, is the seat of the district municipality and the Northern Cape legislature.
The Vaal, Harts and Orange rivers run through the district. Phokwane Municipality is situated at the heart of the Vaalhearts Water Scheme, the largest of its kind in the southern hemisphere. Most of the agricultural activities in the district consist of the cultivation of various irrigated crops and stock and game farming.
Although agriculture and mining (most notably the famous diamond mines in and around Kimberley) appear to be the main economic activities in the district, they contribute relatively little to its annual income. Most of the district's earnings come from community services followed by finance, transport and trade. About 75% of the economic activities of the district are located in Sol Plaatje Municipality, rendering it the economic hub of the district municipality.
Sol Plaatje Municipality generates over 61% of the employment opportunties in the district; a testimony to the strength of its economic base within the district.
The district municipality has a total population of 358,355 people. Unlike other districts in the province, Frances Baard is dominated by Africans rather than coloureds.