Municipality: Hessequa Local Municipality


South Africa
Phone: 0287138000
Fax: 0287133146


The Hessequa Municipality is located along the southern shoreline of Africa from the Gourits River in the east to the Breede River on the western border. Towards the north the Langeberg mountain range forms a border between Hessequa and the Klein Karoo.

The geographical layout of Hessequa Municipality is one of the most unique in the Western Cape, as Hessequa is a region with many towns as a result of amalgamation that happened between 6 small municipalities in 2000. As it is titled, this profile of Hessequa is based on the 2011 national census of South Africa with the formal Supercross Datasets, provided by Statistics South Africa, of South Africa. This is the only source for the 2011 statistics used in this profile and the 2001 Supercross Datasets wasused to include the 2001 census statistics. Only statistics released by Statistics South Africa through aforementioned datasets was used.

Hessequa covers a surface area of 5.731 km² and is situated along a coastal plateau between the Langeberg Mountains and the Indian Ocean.The region enjoys a mild climate with sunny days throughout the year.

The average rainfall is 511mm, of which 59% falls during the winter months.

The average summer temperature is 26°C and winter, 16°C.

Sea temperature averages 20°C, but is higher for river mouths and lagoons.

The region falls within the World Heritage Cape Floral Kingdom and the abundant flora includes ‘suurbraak’, grassy fynbos (‘fine or delicate bush’) and Overberg coastal ‘renosterveld’.

Critical infrastructure

Transport Infrastructure

An excellent road network provides easy access along the N2 national road from Cape Town (276 km) in the south, or Port Elizabeth (422 km) in the east, or from the Klein Karoo (hinterland) along the R323 and R62 from Ladismith.

There are two light aircraft airports, one near Riversdale and the other near Stilbaai and two non-commercial fishing / leisure harbours at Witsand and Stilbaai.

A railway network links Hessequa to Mossel Bay and beyond and also lends itself to non-scheduled vintage steam passenger trains.

Bulk Infrastructure

According to the Hessequa Socio-Economic Survey 2006, 86.68% of households have a flush toilet system, 78.02% have weekly municipal refuse removal, 98.8% have reasonable access to consumable water and 93.04% use electricity for lighting purposes.


Hessequa has a high Location Quotient in Agriculture, which indicates that the region enjoys a comparative advantage in this sector.

The strong performance in construction can be attributed to the large number of houses built in the coastal towns. The statistics indicate that 130 new houses were constructed in Stilbaai in 2004.

Assuming a very conservative estimate of R800 000 construction cost (investment), this would mean a total capital investment of just over R100 million.

Trade contributes a notable contribution to the local economy, and the shift-share analysis also shows that the sector is a leading one. Trade is still an important sector, mainly as a result of the N2 passing through the region.

Also, The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) does not make provision for Tourism, as the industry cuts across a number of sectors such as Agriculture, Trade, Transport and Finance.

The Tourism industry is seasonal, and the estimated number of visitors over the peak December / January period is about 40 000. As an indication of the significance of this number to the local economy: assuming that the average tourist stays for two weeks and spends R100 per day on accommodation, food, etc. The total injection into the local economy is R56 million (excluding the multiplier effect).

The majority of these visitors visit the coastal area, whereas the huge potential in the inland area is mostly unexploited.

The retirement industry is also presenting huge opportunities as many people choose to retire to the coastal towns of Hessequa. This influx on its own is bringing capital into the region.