Municipality: !Kheis Municipality


Municipal Offices
Orania Street
Groblershoop , Northern Cape
South Africa
Phone: 054 833 9500
Fax: 054 833 9509
Northern Cape ZA


The !Kheis Municipal Area was initially inhabited by the Khoi-San people, who’ve also been the first permanent inhabitants of South Africa. The San, who lived a nomadic life, migrated through the area. The Korannas (Khoi group) arrived in the area during the 18th century.

!Kheis Municipality was established from the former Groblershoop Municipality, including the following settlements:

  • Boegoeberg
  • Gariep
  • Grootdrink
  • Kleinbegin
  • Opwag
  • Topline
  • Wegdraai

These settlements were previously part of the Siyanda and Karoo District Municipalities (Boegoeberg: Karoo District Municipality). These Municipalities administrated these settlements and provided them with services up until the demarcation in November 2000. From December 2000, !Kheis Municipality took over services and personnel and total service provision took place from 1 July 2001.

The nearest settlement to Upington is Grootdrink, situated ± 75 km from Upington. Topline, is situated ± 95 km from Upington and Wegdraai, is ± 105 km from Upington. All the before-mentioned settlements are situated southeast of Upington. Directly east of Grootdrink, you find Gariep, which is connected with a gravel road to Grootdrink and a tar road to Groblershoop-Griekawastad. East of Groblershoop you find Boegoeberg, which is ± 15 km from Groblershoop on route to the Boegoeberg dam. Northwest of Groblershoop is Opwag. The rest of the Municipal Area is occupied by commercial farms and commonage land.

Critical infrastructure

The existing roads in the !Kheis Municipal Area is mainly gravel roads, in a general unsatisfactory condition. The main road from Upington (N10) to Groblershoop is a tar road. Groblershoop is also connected by the N8 to Griekwastad and by the N10 to Marydale. The rest of the connecting roads in the !Kheis area is gravel roads, which are in a unsatisfactory condition. The internal roads and streets have mainly gravel surfaces. Storm water drainage is poor and properties are sometimes flooded in the rainy seasons.

Due to the climate of the area there is huge potential to utilise solar energy more widely, especially in the remote areas of the district.


!Kheis Municipal Area is mainly a stock-farming and irrigation area. The Orange River stretches right through the area, from the southeast to the northwest. It is in actual fact the river that makes economic development possible. Without the river, the area would have been much poorer. Residents of the area also settled close to the river.

The presence of perennial river water, contributed mainly to the establishment of table grapes, which are marketed and exported to Western Europe. This industry currently provides the most job opportunities in the area. The environment also promotes stock-farming and people especially farm with sheep for the meat market. The stock-farming industry also provides work to local people.

The natural environment of !Kheis Municipal Area further creates opportunities for tourism. For instance, the presence of the Orange River is a definite tourism asset, since the river provides several tourism possibilities. The appearance of mountains, hills, and large open spaces, could also be allurement for the 4X4 tourists, since 4X4 routes could be created. The natural appearance of the area also supports agricultural tourism.