The !Kheis Municipal Area was initially inhabited by the Khoi-San people, who’ve also been the first permanent inhabitants of South Africa. The San, who lived a nomadic life, migrated through the area. The Korannas (Khoi group) arrived in the area during the 18th century.
!Kheis Municipality was established from the former Groblershoop Municipality, including the following settlements:
These settlements were previously part of the Siyanda and Karoo District Municipalities (Boegoeberg: Karoo District Municipality). These Municipalities administrated these settlements and provided them with services up until the demarcation in November 2000. From December 2000, !Kheis Municipality took over services and personnel and total service provision took place from 1 July 2001.
The nearest settlement to Upington is Grootdrink, situated ± 75 km from Upington. Topline, is situated ± 95 km from Upington and Wegdraai, is ± 105 km from Upington. All the before-mentioned settlements are situated southeast of Upington. Directly east of Grootdrink, you find Gariep, which is connected with a gravel road to Grootdrink and a tar road to Groblershoop-Griekawastad. East of Groblershoop you find Boegoeberg, which is ± 15 km from Groblershoop on route to the Boegoeberg dam. Northwest of Groblershoop is Opwag. The rest of the Municipal Area is occupied by commercial farms and commonage land.