The Midvaal Local Municipality is one of three local municipalities situated within the Sedibeng District Municipality, the other two being the Emfuleni and Lesedi Local Municipalities. Midvaal Local Municipality is a Category B municipality as defined in the Municipal Structure Act.
Midvaal Local Municipality is located in the southern parts of Gauteng Province and is bordered by two provinces, namely the Mpumalanga Province to the east and the Free State Province to the south. Midvaal Local Municipality consists of 10 Wards.
The Midvaal LM population has a total population of 83443 and 31102 households.
The spatial structure of the Midvaal Municipal area is predominantly that of a rural area, with extensive farming constituting approximately 50% of the total area of jurisdiction. There are two significant natural features impacting on the physical structure, namely the Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve and the Vaal River, which forms the southern boundary of the municipality and Gauteng Province. Secondary natural features which play a significant role in the development dynamics of the area are the Klip River, Suikerbosrand River and the Vaal Dam.
Development in Midvaal is concentrated in the north-eastern half of the municipal area and occurs around the R59 freeway in the east and the R82 freeway in the west. Prominent towns and development occurring along these routes are:
- R59: Waterval, Randvaal, Henley-on-Klip and Meyerton.
- R82: Tedderfield, Walkerville and De Deur.
Meyerton is the highest order town in the Midvaal area with a relatively large business and residential component. The other towns mentioned above are mainly service centres to the surrounding rural areas. The towns are surrounded by agricultural holdings, which are mainly used for rural residential purposes, and extensive farming areas.
Midvaal Local Municipality can be described as a primarily rural area. It offers approximately 300 business sites and 450 industrial sites. The major urban concentration within the MLM is in Meyerton, which is situated along the R59, and which also holds the CBD area. Walkerville, De Deur and Henley-on-Klip are smaller settlement areas characterised by agricultural holdings, rural residential uses, and farms. Industrial/commercial activities are clustered along the main routes such as the R82 and the R59 and around existing nodes.
Larger industries, such as Nampak and Everite are situated next to the main transport and railway lines in the Waterval area in the northern parts of the R59 Corridor.
Several smaller order commercial and industrial activities are also located in the Meyerton area further to the south which can be described as the commercial hub of the Midvaal area.
Percentage contribution of economic sectors to the total GVA
Mining has potential in the Midvaal area, but it has not yet been thoroughly investigated. The Glen Douglas mine, situated near Randvaal, extracts dolomite and is the only operational mine in the area. Proposals for further mining in the area are being explored by mining companies such as Exxaro.
The Vaal Marina area and other development areas around the Vaal Dam are precincts which could be described as peri-urban.
Agricultural holdings occupy large parts of the north and north-western portion of the study area which range from small to significant in size. The Agricultural Holdings are utilized for several purposes ranging from ruralresidential and farming practices to commercial agriculture. Agricultural activity in Midvaal is characterised by diverse activities such as commercial farming operations (crop production including maize and grain and animal production including milk, beef, mutton and lamb, eggs and poultry). The performance of the agricultural sector is very dependent on climatic conditions and may fluctuate from year to year.
Source: Midvaal LM IDP 2011/2012