Municipality: Nkangala District Municipality


District Municipal Building, Ground Floor
2 A Church PO Box 437
1050 Middelburg , Mpumalanga
South Africa
Phone: 013-249-2000
Fax: 013-249-2050
Mpumalanga ZA


The Nkangala District Municipality (NDM) is one of the three district municipalities in Mpumalanga. The district covers an area of 16 758 km² and consists of six local municipalities:

  • Delmas LM,
  • Dr JS Moroka LM,
  • Emakhazeni LM,
  • Emalahleni LM,
  • Steve Tshwete LM,
  • Thembisile LM.

Nkangala is the economic hub of Mpumalanga and is rich in minerals and natural resources. The Districts' economy is dominated by electricity, manufacturing and mining. These sectors are followed by community services, trade, finance, transport, agriculture and construction.

Although Steve Tshwete LM is primarily associated with agriculture, tourism and forestry and is the main contributor to agricultural activity, the sector is largely underdeveloped. Dullstrom is a service centre for the surrounding agricultural communities, as well as a popular tourist area. Towns and villages in Thembisile and Dr JS Moroka are mainly residential.

Mining and electricity generation are concentrated in the coal-rich area to the south with Middelburg and Emalahleni generating the bulk of the income. The manufacturing sector in Middelburg is increasing at an average annual rate of 16,3%, making it a major contributor to the provinces overall gross value added. Other mineral deposits include refractory (flint) and small deposits of gold, tin, copper, lead, manganese, uranium, nickel, cobalt and silver.

The Middelburg district is also a thriving agricultural district. The major products are maize, livestock, chicken and vegetables / potatoes. 

Critical infrastructure

The Maputo corridor runs through Nkangala, bringing with it increased potential for economic and tourism development. The corridor connects the primary economic nodes of NDM, the Mpumalanga Kruger International Airport and Maputo to Gauteng. 


The western region of Nkangala has four national parks. A proposal to consolidate these into a single entity, including the Dibathane mountain rnge, which would stimulate tourism and hence job creation, is planned. Natural water courses that traverse Nkangala (Olifants River and Klein Olifants River systems), together with trout streams in the Belfast region, have led to the proposal of an eco-agri-tourism greenbelt.


Migration to places like Gauteng to seek employment and the impact of AIDS has resulted in a decline in population gowth but an increase in urbanisation. 

Education levels are low with about 25% of the adult population having no education and 26% of school-going age children not attending school. There is an unemployment rate of about 44%.The majority of people are employed in community and social services, wholesale and retail, mining and quarrying, and private households.