Municipality: Overberg District Municipality


The Overberg District is situated at the southernmost tip of Africa and in close proximity of the City of Cape Town in the west and the Garden Route in the east, whilst the N2 Main Road runs through it. The district covers 11 391 square kilometers.

The history of the Overberg dates back to pre-historic times and is rich and diverse. The area off the southernmost tip of Africa is world-renown for its fierce winter storms and thus hundreds of shipwrecks scatter the coastline. Quaint little towns and hamlets such as Elim, Suurbraak, Genadendal, Greyton and Tesselaarsdal and larger towns like Swellendam, Barrydale and Caledon with their variety of architectural assets sets the scene for any tourist interested in the history, people and lifestyle of the district.

Furthermore the Overberg is richly endowed with fynbos, the smallest but yet the most unique floral kingdoms and environmental habitats in the world.

The 2007 Community Survey estimated the population size of the Western Cape at 5.3 million people, of which 4% resided in the Overberg District. The population density per square kilometer is ±20. The most populous regions in 2007 were the City with 66.3%, followed by Cape Winelands with 13.5% and Eden District with 9.7%.

Source: Overberg District Municipality IDP 2011

Critical infrastructure

The N2 opens doors for wide spectrum of development. Other transport corridors such as the coastal road from Gordon’s Bay via Kleinmond, Hermanus, Gansbaai and Elim to Bredasdorp and numerous cross-district routes from e.g. Caledon to Villiersdorp and onward to Worcester, from Bredasdorp to Swellendam, Riviersonderend and Caledon also create numerous opportunities for development.

Source: Overberg District Municipality IDP 2011


  • Geographical position creates economic and tourism development opportunities in relation to Cape Town, Garden Route and African Continent.
  • Although the current utilization rate is very low, the two railway lines through Swellendam and over Sir Lowry’s Pass via Caledon to Bredasdorp also offer opportunities for both tourism and broader economic development.
  • An old and rich history.
  •  A unique environment. 

Source: Overberg District Municipality IDP 2011


  • A very small population in comparison to that of the City of Cape Town and other districts, thus indicating a smaller proportion of grants and other financial assistance.
  • Danger of stagnation in areas where population figures are dropping significantly over time (urbanization into Cape Metropolitan area and problems experienced in the agricultural sector).
  • A growing tendency of a population decrease in the inland municipalities and rapid growth in the coastal municipal areas.
  • Disputed population figures for some of the local municipalities jeopardizing planning.
  • A high and ever growing rate of urbanization.
  • A very young population, with an age dependency rate of 32,8% .
  • A sharp decline in male population for age cohorts 45 and upwards.
  • A growing number of youth leaving the district and a growing aged dependency ratio.
  • Should this trend continue the district will eventually.

Source: Overberg District Municipality IDP 2011